Planned C-Section vs Emergency C-Section

c-section cesarean Apr 26, 2023

Cesarean section, commonly referred to as c-section, is a surgical procedure that involves delivering a baby through incisions made in the mother's abdomen and uterus. While some c-sections are planned in advance, others may be performed as an emergency measure during labor or delivery. In this blog post, we will explore the differences between planned c-sections and emergency c-sections.


Planned C-Section

A planned c-section, also known as an elective c-section, is scheduled in advance, typically a few weeks before the due date. This may be recommended for a variety of reasons, such as if the mother has a medical condition that could make a vaginal delivery risky, if the baby is in a breech position, or if the mother has previously undergone a c-section and a repeat c-section is recommended.

Before the procedure, the mother will have a preoperative appointment to discuss the details of the surgery and what to expect during and after the procedure. The surgery will be performed under regional anesthesia, such as an epidural or spinal block, which numbs the lower half of the body but allows the mother to remain awake and aware during the surgery. You can ask them to lower the curtain to see your baby be born, if you prefer this. The incisions will be made in a specific manner, and the baby will be delivered through the incision in the uterus. In total they cut through 7 layers in order to get to your baby. After the baby is delivered, the mother will be monitored closely in a recovery room for a few hours before being moved to a regular hospital room.


Emergency C-Section 

An emergency c-section, on the other hand, is performed when an unforeseen complication arises during labor or delivery, which could potentially harm the mother or the baby. Some reasons that may require an emergency c-section include fetal distress, placenta previa, cord prolapse, or if the labor is not progressing adequately. 

In an emergency c-section, there may not be enough time to administer regional anesthesia, and general anesthesia may be used instead, which puts the mother to sleep. The surgery will be performed as quickly as possible, and the baby will be delivered through the incision in the uterus. After the surgery, the mother will be monitored closely in a recovery room and may require a longer hospital stay than a planned c-section.



In summary, while both planned c-sections and emergency c-sections are surgical procedures that involve delivering a baby through incisions in the abdomen and uterus, they differ in their timing and indications. A planned c-section is scheduled in advance and is recommended for specific medical reasons, while an emergency c-section is performed during labor or delivery when unforeseen complications arise. Regardless of the type of c-section, it is essential to trust and communicate with your medical team to ensure the best outcome for you and your baby.